Management is the systematic administration of an organization, be it a private company, a public non-profit organization, or an institution of some kind. In its most basic sense, management refers to the arrangement of people within an organization to meet the needs of the community in which that organization operates. The term “management” also describes the process by which this organization comes about, as well as the methods by which it is managed. The term also includes other related concepts such as planning, organizing, directing, and controlling.
In much the same way as there can be many different types of management, there can also be a wide variety of objectives in management. These objectives can be long or short term, and may be set in the context of a larger strategic plan. The scope and scale of management can vary considerably from firm to firm, as it can also vary between different types of organizational structures.
Within broader categories of management, there are more general classifications. These include planning, organizing, decision making, organizing, leading, and controlling. Within each of these larger classifications, there can be a number of sub-classifications. For example, there are human resource professionals, who are primarily concerned with recruiting, hiring, and managing personnel; operations professionals, who are responsible for day-to-day management operations; finance management professionals, who deal primarily with budgeting and financial planning; marketing management professionals, who manage marketing programs; and senior management, who are mostly concerned with leadership and managerial affairs. Additionally, there are several other types of management professionals such as risk managers, consultants, and business valuation experts.
The term “management” itself came into being during the Renaissance era, when it was used to refer to the governing systems of the time. The word “managers” comes from the Latin phrase, “manum causam.” This means, “by direction of a man.” It is also related to “manciplina,” which means “method of discipline.” In France, the word “management” comes from the French term “manner de direction.” In England, “management” is used to refer to the processes of management, which involve the collection of data and evaluation of those data, in order to determine what actions would benefit an organization.
The field of management is not simply a white collar occupation. In fact, anyone with a graduate degree in this field can find themselves in a variety of leadership, management, or teaching positions. There are also many entry level positions available in this field. One can find themselves working in hospitals, corporate headquarters, and all sorts of businesses and organizations. In addition to a graduate degree, one must have excellent interpersonal skills and be able to express themselves effectively through writing, verbal communication, and a great deal of attention to detail. In addition, you must have a positive personality and be able to work well with others and handle frustration appropriately.
The field of management is very diverse, and includes positions that range from CEO to receptionist, from human resources to training and development. As more industries become operational and begin to utilize various management practices, the need for management professionals will also increase. Individuals interested in entering this field can train for their job through a number of accredited programs that are available at many colleges and universities around the country. For those who would like to begin their career in management, it may be wise to obtain as much job experience as possible, so that when a management position becomes available, they are already well-qualified and prepared for the role.